Emerald is the bluish green to green variety of beryl, a mineral species that includes aquamarine. Emerald is the gemstone of Planet Mercury.


Emerald stone is a green colored, highly precious gemstone of the Beryl mineral family. It is one of the most reputed gemstones in vedic astrology worn for success in businesses & jobs, creative or intellectual pursuits and knowledge seeking ventures.

Who should wear?

Emerald (meaning Panna) represents planet Mercury (बुध ग्रह). Vedic astrology recommends wearing this gemstone to emerge out of negative influences caused by a weaker Mercury in a person’s horoscope.

  • Indian astrology assigns Panna ratna for Gemini (Mithun) and Virgo (Kanya) rashi.
  • Western astrology recommends emerald birthstone for Cancer (कर्क राशि).
  • Ascendants of Taurus (वृषभ), Libra (तुला), Capricorn (मकर राशि) and Aquarius (कुंभ राशि) can also wear emerald.

How to wear Panna stone?

Carat Weight – Minimum 1/12th of the body weight. E.g. a person weighing 60 kgs, can wear a 5-carat Emerald Ratna.
Color – For the best astrological results, a bright green Emerald is recommended. Alternatively, natural untreated Emerald in lighter shades can also be worn.
Metal – Gold is highly recommended. In exceptional cases, Panchdhaatu (पंचधातु), platinum, white gold, and silver can also be used.
Finger – Little finger, or the ring finger of the working hand.
Day & Time – Wednesday, after sunrise, is the best time.
Mantra & Chanting Times – ‘Om Budhaye Namha’, ॐ बुधाय नमः | (108 Times)

Emerald (Panna) Benefits

Emerald is worn as a fashionable jewel stone in whole world. However, in eastern countries, it is the astrological significance that makes this gemstone popular. It is also known as Pachu stone (पचु), Markat Mani (मरकट मणि), Parnaya and Budh ratna (बुध रत्न) in India and Smaragdos in Greek.

  • Ideal for Financial, Intellectual and Creative Ventures

    Since Mercury rules intelligence, Panna rashi ratan is trusted to improve wearer’s comprehension, reasoning and memory skills. Astrologers thus highly recommend wearing Panna for people working in finance, banking, book keeping, share market trading etc. As well as for people engaged in creative ventures.

  • Refined Oration & Communication

    Mercury is regarded as the Vaani-karaka (वाणी कारक) in vedic astrology. Therefore, people suffering from speech related issues and low confidence can benefit hugely from Panna and perform better in their social and professional lives. Needless to say, panna benefits people working in PR, Media or Mass Communication related roles.

  • Relaxed mind, improved senses and calm skin

    It is believed that wearing a Pachu stone benefits individuals suffering from ear, eye and skin related ailments. Panna as rashi ratan is also highly useful in treating certain allergies and nervous disorders.

Emerald Stone Prices

Even being a fairly expensive gemstone, emerald remains high in demand in national and international markets. Panna prices begin from ₹ 800 ($11.30 ) and may go as high as ₹ 2 lakh ($3066) per carat, depending on the origin, clarity, color and size of the gemstone.

  • Origin

    Owing to superior color quality, Colombian Emerald price range in India stretches much beyond than other origins, costing the buyer anywhere between ₹ 3,200 to ₹ 2 Lakh per carat ($49.23 to $3076). Zambian emeralds are quite popular as well and can draw between ₹ 2,700 and ₹ 1.5 Lakh per carat ($41.5 to $ 2307.69). Brazilian emeralds are relatively more affordable.

  • Color

    In emeralds, the rule goes as brighter and greener is the color, higher is its price in market. However, too much iron (found in some varieties) can cause a bluish tint and decrease the value of emerald gemstone in the market. Since, majority of emeralds from Colombia are vividly saturated and display a fine balance between green and blue, colombian emerald price per carat remains higher than other origins.

  • Clarity

    Emeralds are graded as ‘Type III’ on clarity indicators, implying almost every piece will have some degree of inclusions. Thus, panna cost increases drastically for stones without visible inclusions. Zambian emerald price per carat fares higher than other origins on account of relatively better clarity.

  • Cut

    Cutting a gemstone can increase its cost by up to 20% because of the stone wastage incurred in the process. A heavily faceted emerald will cost more than a round or oval emerald.

  • Carat Weight

    Least and yet reflective, carat weight can influence panna or pachu stone price especially when size and clarity co-exist on the same scale. Since, emeralds are fairly included, finding an emerald above a few carats with eye-clean clarity is highly rare. Likewise its price will reflect its rarity. A high carat emerald with dull green color will be cheaper than a smaller one displaying bright, greenish-blue tone.

  • Treatment

    Certain treatments like oiling are acceptable in emeralds. An emerald treated with hard epoxy-like resins is less valuable than the ones treated with safer colorless oiling.

Emerald Quality

Natural properties and market dynamics around the gemstone can help the buyer to select an emerald that can fulfill his astrological and financial conditions. Before you buy emerald online or from trusted dealers, the following parameters can be looked upon to choose the best quality emerald gemstone.

  • Origin

    Panna mines have been discovered in Colombia, Zambia, Brazil, Russia, Pakistan, Afghanistan, United States and Australia. Being highly saturated and perfectly balanced in green and blue tints, Colombian emeralds are the considered to be superior than other origins, followed by Zambian emeralds. Brazilian emeralds are dark and thus less desirable.

  • Color

    Colour of emerald weighs pretty much above every other quality factor. Cost of emerald increases further if it is richly saturated and consistently colored. Natural emeralds from Colombia are considered to be of the finest color quality.

  • Clarity

    Emeralds are known for containing three phase inclusions – solid crystals, liquid films and gaseous bubbles, found less or more in almost all origins. Inclusions in emeralds from Chivor mine in Colombia often exist as pyrite, albite and needle like growth tubes. Zambian emeralds contain black dot like specks and are usually color-zoned. An eye clean emerald with bright-green color is highly rare and thus is exceptionally expensive.

  • Uniqueness (Trapiche Emerald)

    A rather rare and unique variety known as Trapiche emerald is found in Colombia and Brazil. Trapiche or Star Emeralds are unique in their display of impurities appearing in a six-pointed, star like radial fashion. In addition, ‘Chatoyancy or Cat’s eye’ effect displayed by this gemstone, positions it as one of the most rare and majestic gemstones. Like other varieties, Traphice emeralds can also be synthesized in labs as well as treated with oil and epoxy resins.


Q) Which origin is best for astrological results – Colombian or Zambian?

A) Since color of emerald is highly relevant in vedic astrology, Colombian emeralds are considered to be ideal for astrological purposes. Excess iron content found in the Zambian emerald causes a bluish tint and gives it a darker color. Wearing either a Colombian emerald ring or a Zambian emerald ring is the ideal way to receive instant astrological benefits as both are equally effective astrologically.

Q) When choosing Panna gemstone, what should I value more – color or clarity?

A) Before selecting a gemstone, it is important to know whether it is worn as a jewel or as a special requirement. Emerald is worn for astrological necessity as well as a jewelry stone. If chosen for astrological reasons, color should be the wearer’s first concern, since Panna color can influence the results. However, when selecting the emerald for sheer ornamental or jewelry purposes, customer can opt for a cleaner piece as per his preference. Also, seeing the overall worth of this highly popular gemstone, it is color that dominates the price and not clarity. For this reason, worth of Colombian emerald in international or national markets is way above than other origins.

Q) How should I distinguish between cracks and inclusions in emerald?

A) Although, two can look virtually similar especially to a naked eye, the difference can be well spotted by understanding the differences in the basic nature of inclusions and cracks. While inclusions are natural imperfections, originating right when the gemstone is being processed in nature cracks appear much later. Another big difference between the two is that an inclusion lays within the gemstone and can be of solid, liquid and gaseous nature. A crack is the inclusion gone wary, reaching up to the surface of the gemstone. Also, inclusions are induced naturally whereas cracks can occur because of rough handling of the gemstones.

Q) 4. In which finger should I wear emerald?

A) As per vedic astrology recommendations, one should wear an emerald ring in the little finger of the working hand for best astrological results. But in exceptional cases, Panna ring can also be worn in the ring finger of the working hand.

Q) Should I wear oil treated emerald for astrological purpose?

A) Yes! Minor colorless oiling in emerald is a standard practice done to prevent emeralds from drying or breaking owing to its highly brittle nature. It is thus quite acceptable in gemstone industry. However, using colored oils is considered as an enhancement and thus treated emeralds should be avoided when buying for astrological reasons. It is better to buy original emerald online certified by reputed national and international laboratories to avoid being passed on fake, synthetic stones. At Pinkshop, you can buy emerald stone online from a huge catalog of emeralds on sale covering different origins and weights, suiting your budget and astrological requirements.

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